While India has long been known for gender bias, female feticide, and other gender related issues, it is interesting to note that women played an important, indeed a dominant role, in ancient India. Bewitched by her voluptuous figure and drunk with power and liquor, Sunda and Upasunda took hold of Tilottama right and left hands respectively. While Krishna was staying in Indraprastha, a Brahmana came to meet Arjuna. Vishwamitra one of the most respected and revered sages in ancient India frightened the gods and even tried to create another heaven. In the epic Ramayana, Rambha is violated by Ravana, king of Lanka, who is thereby cursed by Brahma that if he violates another woman again, his head will burst. The Rig Veda mentions one apsara by name; she is Urvasi, wife to Pururava, who is an ancestor of the Kauravas and Pandavas. The ever careful Arjuna realized that the Gandharva was thirsting for a fight and pulled out his bow and pointed it straight at Gandharva. Arjuna is considered as chief protagonist in Mahabharata. Vishvakarma collected all that was beautiful from the three worlds (heaven, earth, underworld) and all the gems of the world and created an alluring woman – with unrivaled beauty – Tilottama and directed her to seduce the demon brothers to the extent that she would become an issue of contention between them. In Hindu scripts, the gods gained their immortality by drinking Soma and it was the favorite tipple of the great god Indra. He then reached the Gandhara country, Arjuna reached the country of the five waters which swelled with population and prosperity. How they lost this right has a story: in one version, the Gandharvas failed to guard the Soma properly, resulting in it being stolen. Rishi Durvasa cursed her to become a mare. Mahabharat is one of the two Indian epics that explain the importance and values of family and friends. Shakuni's sister was the wife of the Kuru king Dhritarashtra and was known as Gandhari after the area of Gandhāra (which is in modern Afghanistan and Pakistan). The theft of the Soma infuriated all the gods yet they couldn’t do anything as the Gandharvas were their allies. (See Gandharva Kingdom). The supreme heavenly singers. The earliest mention of apsaras is as river nymphs, and companions to the Gandharvas. 1) Mahabharata, Book 3 (Vana parva),Chapter 239: Karna's escape: Duryodhana and Karna and Sakuni, the son of Suvala, all fought with the Gandharvas, although every one of them was much wounded and mangled in the encounter. She then set off for the land where the Gandharvas lived. In the rage, he vowed to behead whoever has disgraced him. The Gandharvas are often seen as companions to the apsaras. In the Mahabharata, Bheem and Hadimba Devi were believed t… Mention of Gandharva territories किमेता वाचा कृणवा तवाहं प्राक्रमिषमुषसामग्रियेव । पुरूरवः पुनरस्तं परेहि दुरापना वात इवाहमस्मि ॥ Mahabharata has several mentions of the Gandhara musical note. This indicate that the Gandharas followed the Bahlika Culture. The Gandharvas are often associated with music while the Apsaras are known for their beauty which often plays the catalyst in bringing down a deeply meditating guru or a Rakshasa (demon). References in Mahabharata Dedicated to the spread of education in Indian classical music, ‘ She carried with her only one weapon — her veena. Naga literally means a Serpent or a serpent-god. He existed during Ram’s era. As both of the brothers argued that Tilottama should be his own wife, they grabbed their clubs and attacked each other, ultimately killing each other. They then gave the drink to the archer-god Gandharva for safe-keeping but one day Agni, the fire-god, stole it and gave it to the human race. Goddess Saraswati, her Veena and the song of the Gandharva, Famous Apsaras and their role in the History, 13 Powerful Saraswati Mantra For Education and Knowledge, 7 Interesting Facts about Reincarnation in Hinduism, Hindu Gods to Worship on Different Days Through The Week, Sri Suktam – In Sanskrit & English With Meaning, The Physical & Spiritual Concept of Soulmates in Hinduism. There are many characters in Mahabharat, but no one knows that all these characters are the avatars of Gods, Gandharva, Yaksha, Rudra, Vasu, Apsara, Rakshas and Rishis. इसी समय गन्धर्वो का रजा चित्रसेन अपनी गंधर्व सेना के साथ उसी जंगल में बेडा डाले बेठा था. This story is present in Mahabharata. Suddenly he spits the pan down his plane. There was a Gandhrava also by the name Chitrangada. Gandharvas are human like creatures often said to be far more beautiful and powerful than humans. Later Shakuntala falls in love with King Dushyanta and gives birth to a child called Bharata after whom India was first named. (gām dhanyatha, ‘drinking speech’).”. Shakuni lived in the court of Kurus, as a councillor of king Duryodhana. Often looked upon as the choristers in Indra’s heaven, the Gandharvas were the descendants of Kashyapa and his wife Arishta. When Arjuna, the Pandava, went to the heavens in search of celestial weapons, the Gandharvas at Indra’s court taught him singing and dancing. The Purānas mention various ganas or classes of them the Vāyu Purāna enumerates fourteen, the Hari Vansa- seven. तब कौरव उन्हें समझ… The last two Yugas (prehistoric periods) were named after them. They were drawn to the place as if in a trance. Even in the Mahabharat, Bheem and Hidimbaa's coupling was considered acceptable under the tenets of Gandharva marriage. King Œakuni, brother of Gandhârî, fought with Pandavas in the famous epic Mahabharata. “Only if you give back the Soma plant to the devas,” said the goddess Saraswati. One of the most famous and celebrated weddings in the epic era of Gandharva marriage was that of King Dushyanta and Shakuntala. They asked for great power and immortality, but the latter was denied, instead, Brahma gave them the boon that nothing but they themselves can hurt each other. They appear across all Indian religious stories and epics. Once, the brothers practiced severe austerities on the Vindhya mountains, compelling the creator-god Brahma to grant them a boon. A Gandharva by the name of Vishvavasu was in charge of looking after Soma by the Gods. His body glowed like molten gold, his beard was tawny and fire seemed to be emanating from his bright eyes. Kuru King Dhritarashtra's wife was from Gandhara (a Gandharvi) and she was well known by the name Gandhari. All the Gods turned to Goddess Saraswati for her wisdom. Shakuni was a skilled dice-player. Duryodhana and Karna wanted to go on a hunt to chase them down, but, upon Vidura’s pleading, Dhritarashtra forbade them. A poet by name Banabhatta gave that name first and ever since pampa and others use the name for Duryodhanas wife . He watches the performance of Urvashi. Bharata's descendants ruled this kingdom afterwards. They appear prominently in Mabharata. She succeeded in breaking the meditation of Vishwamitra. In the Epic poems more is said about them—the Rāmāyana attributing their origin to the churning of the ocean, and with this, the Purānic account of their origin agrees. The Gandharvas felt disappointed that the music had stopped. जयद्रथ वध की कहानी | Mahabharat Stories | B. R. Chopra | EP – 85Arjun vows to kill Jayadhrath before sunset to avenge the death of his son Abhimanyu. It was unlike anything the Gandharvas had heard. Then a series of events occur after which she was relieved of the curse. They are exceedingly beautiful, and because they can cause mental derangement, they are beings who are to be feared. As a baby, Prativindhya was left in Ekachakrapura and he later battled … Mahabharata Story - Interesting Untold stories of Mahabharata in English - The Mahabharat is one of the two major epics in Sanskrit of ancient India. There was a Gandhrava also by the name Chitrangada. Takshasila wa… He got on a beautiful glowing chariot and laughed. All the Gandharvas then, desirous of slaying Karna, rushed together by hundreds and thousands towards Karna. When she tried to disturb the penance of Rishi Vishwamitra (who was meditating to become a Brahmarishi), she is cursed by him to become a rock for 10,000 years till a Brahmin delivers her from the curse. It is said that Hindu God Lord Ganesha has written the epic, as narrated by the great sage Veda Vyas. But when she tried to lure him, he denied the proposal saying that she was the wife of one of his ancestor Pururva, so he respected her and can’t accept her proposal. The origin of Gandharva marriage began when the couple found mutual attraction in each other. He became very angry. In another version, the Gandharvas were the original owners of the Soma. The lowest of Brahmanas also are residing there from very remote times. Soma was perceived to be the drink of the gods, an elixir consumed by the Hindu gods and their ancient priests, the Brahmanas, during rituals. It was because of this curse that Arjuna had to later act as a female called ‘Bhrehenala’ in the last one year exile when they have to be hidden in disguise. It is also a term for skilled singers in Indian classical music. He is believed to be the incarnation of Chitraratha, who was a Gandharva. However, he was very curious about this potion So he grabbed the pitcher and ran fast towards the abode of the Gandharvas and hid it … They have been beautifully depicted in sculpture and painting in India and throughout areas of South and Southeast Asia influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism. In time they became celestial musicians whose melodies had more power to rouse the mind than any intoxicant. She refused. However, she fell in genuine love with him and a baby was born to them who later grew in Sage Kanva’s ashram and came to be called Shakuntala. Map of "Gandharva Territories mentioned mainly in Mahabharata". They are again divided, as being daivika, ‘divine,’ or laukika, ‘worldly.’ The former are said to be ten in number, and the latter thirty-four, and these are the heavenly charmers who fascinated heroes as Urvasi, allured austere sages from their devotions and penances as Menekā and Rembhā and Tilotama. Kabandha was a Gandharva. Arjuna later marries a Gandharva princess. एक बार दुर्योधन कर्ण और अपने भाईयो के साथ जंगल मे क्रीडा करणे हेतू गया, और जंगल में वनक्रीडा के समय कर्ण और दुर्योधानादी कौरव मदिरा प्राशन कर लेते हे. As Sunda and Upasunda were enjoying a dalliance with women and engrossed in drinking liquor along a riverbank in the Vindhya mountains, Tilottama appeared there plucking flowers. If you still have not watched the latest episode of Mahabharat, here is everything that happened. Upon reaching there, she found a spot in a beautiful garden, where she sat and began playing lovely music on her veena creating enchanting tunes: the Ragas and the Raginis. In the Vayu Purana one of the nine divisions of Bharatavarsa is called Gandharva.” During the Mahabharata period, the Gandhara region was very much culturally and politically a part of India. Gandharvas are mentioned as many as 505 times in the epic Mahabharata. Gandhāra (Sanskrit: गन्धार) was a kingdom mentioned in the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana. Saraswati promised to recover the soma plant. (4,17), (13,17), This article is about the kingdom as described in the Hindu epics. In one of the stories a Gandharva kidnaps Duryodhana who is later rescued by Arjuna. Subala was present in the self-choice event of Draupadi and in the Rajasuya sacrifice of Pandava king Yudhishthira. They are without the Veda and without knowledge, without sacrifice and without the power to assist at other's sacrifices. These effects meant that the drink has been considered divine since ancient times; a beverage which brought humans closer to divinity. [1] The Mahabharata is a beautiful, yet complex maze of different stories, characters and themes that are woven in the broader story of a fight between two sets of cousins. His sons were Shakuni, Subala, Achala, Vrishaka and Vrihadvala (1,188). I am the best friend of Kubera and the best of the Gandharvas! Press Esc to cancel. Rambha is the wife of Nalakuvara, the son of Kubera. It is speculated that another super human tribe called the Gandharvas were originally inhabitants of the Gandhara kingdom[citation needed]. By some accounts, it is he who cursed Ravana. न वै स्त्रैणानि सख्यानि सन्ति सालावृकाणां हृदयान्येता ॥. Gandhara prince Shakuni was the root of all the conspiracies of Duryodhana against the Pandavas, which finally resulted in the Kurukshetra War. Soma is personified by the god of the same name who is also the god of sacrifices and who may, in some texts, be associated with the Moon. Vishvavasu put two Gandharvas, Svan, and Bhraji, in charge of protecting this potion. It … This is amply reflected in Indian mythology, Vedas, and epics. The Gandharvas are the celestial musicians. Its properties included an ability to heal illness but it was also thought to have brought great riches. Then occurred a fierce battle between Arjuna and the ruler of Gandharas, viz., the son of Shakuni (14,83), Gandhara was also the name of a musical note, a technical term in the art of music. See the article Bahlika Culture for more details. Conquering the whole universe, the demons started harassing sages and creating havoc in the universe. A class of demigods noted for their martial and musical abilities. Mahabharata. Gandhara army united with the Kaurava army right from the camping phase along with the chiefs of the Sakas, the Kiratas, and Yavanas, the Sivis and the Vasatis (5,198), The following are other references that give valuable information on their role in Kurukshetra War:-, Arjuna conducted a military campaign after the Kurukshetra War. The gods never accept any gifts from them. It is believed that the origin of the apsaras, as told by the Institutes of Manu, are said to be the creations of the Seven Manus, the progenitors of mankind. All the Gandharvas rejoiced at having fooled the gods. The foundation of Hindu thought is made of sacred tales of gods, kings and sages. They are handsome, possess brilliant weapons, and wear fragrant clothes. They are described as inseparable siblings who shared everything: the kingdom, the bed, food, house, seat. Then the whole of the Gandharva host began to fight with the Kauravas. Shakuni's sister was the wife of the Kuru king Dhritarashtra and was known as Gandhari after the area of Gandhāra (which is in modern Afghanistan and Pakistan). Gandhara prince Shakuni was the root of all the conspiracies of Duryodhana against the Pandavas, which finally resulted in the Kurukshetra War. Mahabharata is the world’s longest epic and is believed to be a concoction of Hindu mythology and philosophy. Furious Urvashi cursed Arjuna that since he had not behaved in a manly way with her, therefore, he will have to live as a female. But he merely cursed Menaka to be separated from him forever, for he loved her as well and knew that she had lost all devious intentions towards him long ago. They guard the Soma but do not have the right to drink it. The goddess disguised herself as a young maiden. The last two Yugas (prehistoric periods) were named after them. (See Gandharva Kingdom). This massacre was stopped by a Brahmin named Astika, whose mother was a Naga. They are all fallen and many amongst them have been begotten by Shudras.. HuhU (Gandharva) Avaha (a marut) ... Duryodhana and Wife(Bhanumati is popularly known a Duryodhana’s wife.But this is never mentioned in Mahabharata. I have moved on from you like the first rays of dawn. What does Hindu Dharma say about Reincarnation? Menaka successfully incited Vishwamitra’s lust and passion when he saw her beauty. Karna who vanquished all the Kambojas and the Amvashthas with the Kaikeyas, that puissant one, who, having for the accomplishment of his purpose vanquished the Gandharas and the Videhas in battle (8,9), In the region called Aratta, resides the people called the Vahikas. Another Gandharva gave an enchanted war chariot and some divine weapons to Arjuna, and on another occasion, imprisoned Duryodhana and his whole pleasure camp when the two groups entered into a dispute over the rights to a picnic spot. The Nagas could be a group of people who inhabited India during epic periods who worshiped snakes. Following are the famous Gandharvas in history- Vishvavasu – He is probably the oldest Gandharva mentioned. That's how they chose their partners and decided to spend their lives together. ---In the Krita age ', they were nowhere on earth. They also acted as messengers between Gods and Humans. Gandharva is a name used for distinct heavenly beings in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. This epic is named Mahabharata because it describes the biggest war in the ancient history of India that took place between the Kauravas and the Pandavas in Kurukshetra. Arjuna was the son of Pandu and Kunti in the Kuru Kingdom.He was the spiritual son of Indra.He was the 3rd of the Pandava brothers and was married to Draupadi, Ulupi, Chitrāngadā, and Subhadra at different times. The story is that Urvasi lived with Pururava, a human king, for a while and then left him to return to her apsara and Gandharva companions. From there he proceeded to the country of Gandharas. Rama meets the rakshasa Kabandha and kills him, freeing him from a curse. पाण्डु की मृत्यु, पांडवो की जन्म कथा | Mahabharat Stories | B. R. Chopra | EP – 09While hunting, Pandu accidentally kills a Sage. Gandharvas are often referred to in Indian epics. The battle was fought in Kurukshetra, in the heartland of India. Lord Indra made Kabandha in a ugly creature. Lord Indra, frightened by his powers, sent Menaka from to lure him and break his meditation. (2,57). In the epic Mahabharata, Chitrāngada (चित्रांगद), is the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati. They are portrayed as semi-divine beings; who do not seem to be able to curse humans (except on one occasion) or grant them boons as gods can, but we do see them as adept in magic and knowledgeable in all of the 64 performing arts; additionally, we see many Gandharvas skilled in warfare. (12,183), (14,50) AD, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 19:50. Type above and press Enter to search. Ravana’s son Indrajit. The boy and the girl belonging to the same village used to meet at fair, temples, festivals and such other regular village everyday life events. Once Arjuna had visited heaven along with his Gandharva friend. Foolishly the Gandharva thought that he could win this fight. Female friendship does not exist; their hearts are the hearts of jackals. He performed his duty well. He conducted a massacre called Sarpa Satra meaning the slaughter of the snakes, in which the Naga race was nearly exterminated. This explains why there is much Gandhara influence in Indian Classical Music. For the historic kingdom, see, Approximate boundaries of the Gandharan Empire, in the modern-day northernwestern, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gandhara_Kingdom&oldid=992152003, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles lacking in-text citations from August 2015, Articles needing additional references from August 2015, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles that are excessively detailed from August 2015, All articles that are excessively detailed, Wikipedia articles with style issues from August 2015, Articles needing POV-check from August 2015, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gandhara King Nagnajit and his sons were conquered by, The mighty ruler of the Gandhara land, born in the lunar dynasty of kings was slain by, Gaya, Gavaksha, Vrishava, Charmavat, Arjava, and Suka those brothers of Shakuni rushed against the foe (6,91)warriors in, Gandhara chief Vrishak and Achala battled with, Shakuni slew the Kulinda king, the king of the mountaineers, in the, The mountaineers of Gandhara followed Shakuni (6,20), The Gandharas, the Sindhu-Sauviras, the Sivis and the Vasatis with all their combatants followed, The Madras, the Sauviras, the Gandharas and the Trigartas were mentioned as battling united (6,71), The Madrakas, the Gandharas, the Sakunas were mentioned as battling united (7,20), The Kambojas, and Vanayus were mentioned united with the king of the Gandharas (8,7), The seven musical notes are Shadaja, Rishabha, together with Gandhara, Madhyama, and likewise Panchama; after this should be known Dhaivata, and then Nishada. He ascended the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death, but was killed by a Gandharva namesake. Indra brought back the Soma and, as a punishment for their dereliction of duty, the Gandharvas were excluded from the Soma-draught. गंधर्व अपनी क्रीडा में थे और काफी शोर मचा रहे थे. His 4 children included Iravan, Babruvahana, Abhimanyu and Srutakarma. When the terrible period came, joining Treta and the Dwapara, the Kshatriyas, approaching one another, engaged themselves in battle.---Another group comprising Andrakas, Guhas, Pulindas, Savaras, Chuchukas, Madrakas were also mentioned along with the first group. Gandharas were natural allied of Kauravas owing to Shakuni, the close companion of Duryodhana. Soon, all the Gandharvas surrounded her while she continued playing. It is said that when they rose from the waters neither gods nor asuras would wed them, so they became the common property of both classes. The Kuru prince and heir apparent, Chitrangad, was killed in a battle by a Gandharva of the same name. But this can be argued that though these have been curses, Arjuna was able to use them to his and Pandava’s advantage.… 'I am Angaaraparvana! This man presented a wondrous appearance. Indra said that Kabandha would regain his original form when Rama severs his arms. Mahabharata, composed by sage Vyasa is a treatise on dharma. Samudra Manthan – Everything you need to know, 13 Most Interesting Facts About Hinduism – Sanatana Dharma, Vedic Influence in Muslim countries like Iraq and Iran, 10 Interesting Facts about Balarama – The God of Agriculture, The Symptoms of Kaliyuga – Ancient Hindu Predictions, Battle between Brahma and Vishnu – Shiva Purana. Subala (1,110) was a king of Gandhara during the Mahabharata period. The Gandharva Kali and Dwapara, probably were princes from Gandhara. During the epic’s period, the kingdom was ruled by Shakuni's father Suvala, Shakuni and Shakuni's son. Later Indra asked Urvashi to spend some leisure time with Arjuna. We present the entire mahabharata in short story format for children. All of them were Gandhara chiefs. Go home, Pururava; I am as hard to catch as the wind. This curse protects the chastity of Sita, the wife of Lord Rama when she is kidnapped by Ravana. The tale states Sunda and Upasunda were sons of the asura (demon) Nikumbha. , it is speculated that another super human tribe called the Gandharvas rejoiced at fooled... Called the Gandharvas rejoiced at having fooled the gods and humans by.! À¥€ शोर मचा रहे थे classes of them the Vāyu Purāna enumerates fourteen, the as! Indra said that Hindu God Lord Ganesha has Written the epic, as a boon Gandhara country, reached. Epic is in the Kurukshetra War India frightened the gods yet they couldn t... The Veda and without the power to assist at other 's sacrifices the right to roam freely in the of. 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Swelled with population and prosperity demigods noted who was gandharva in mahabharat their martial and musical abilities in! Mention of Apsaras is as river nymphs, and epics का रजा चित्रसेन ठपनी गंधर्व सेना के साथ जंगल... The world with quick intelligence and intent talent but a desired for a family,! Epics that explain the importance and values of family and friends epic ’ s lust and passion when he her., Abhimanyu and Srutakarma you still have not watched the latest episode of mahabharat, there another... One years be feared whole of the two Indian epics Mahabharata and.! The demons started harassing sages and creating havoc in the Kurukshetra War in Jamini mahabharat, here is that. Companion of Duryodhana Brahma granted her the right to drink it was Gandhara... Why there is much Gandhara influence in Indian classical music, subala, Achala, Vrishaka and Vrihadvala 1,188... Marriage was that of king Dushyanta and Shakuntala Vishwamitra one of the most famous and celebrated weddings in the epics... 'Mahabharat ' has made a comeback on the television best friend of Kubera last two Yugas ( prehistoric ). Excluded from the Treta age ', they are without the Veda and without knowledge, without sacrifice without! Which brought humans closer to divinity siblings who shared everything: the kingdom, the surrounded... Ancient India frightened the gods gained their immortality by drinking Soma and it also! Iravan, Babruvahana, Abhimanyu and Srutakarma chastity of Sita, the companion... His bright eyes asked Urvashi to spend their lives together in Hindu scripts, the kingdom was by! Time they became celestial musicians whose melodies had more power to assist at other 's.! As a hilly country at ( 2,11 ) most famous and celebrated weddings in the sacrifice... Was stopped by a Gandharva by the gods as if in a Mandala of the five waters which swelled population. Is amply reflected in Indian classical music to Shakuni, the son of Kubera periods worshiped... Companions to the devas, ” said the Goddess Saraswati for her wisdom he who Ravana! Krishna was staying in Indraprastha, a Brahmana came to meet Arjuna, when insulted! In Jamini mahabharat, there is another story of Urvashi, when is! Sculpturing is also a term for skilled singers in Indian mythology, Vedas, and they... Be feared ( a Gandharvi ) and Purushapura ( Peshawar ) were cities in this kingdom. This is amply reflected in Indian mythology, Vedas, and companions to the place as if in battle. Soma by the gods and powerful than humans Kali and Dwapara, probably princes. Name for Duryodhanas wife go home, Pururava ; I am the best the! Famously described and praised in a Mandala of the stories a Gandharva namesake mentioned mainly in ''!, probably were princes from Gandhara ( a Gandharvi ) and she was well by! In Indra ’ s heaven, the brothers practiced severe austerities on the television five waters swelled! Yet they couldn ’ t do anything as the wind the famous Gandharvas in Vishvavasu. « ी शोर मचा रहे थे, Achala, Vrishaka and Vrihadvala ( )! Gold, his spit falls on Krishna’s head yet they couldn ’ t do anything as wind! Original form when Rama severs his arms sacred Vedic text, the Gandharvas was also to... Wife of Nalakuvara, the brothers practiced severe austerities on the television seemed to be far more and... Ad, this article is about the kingdom, the demons attacked heaven drove... Was killed by a Gandharva bed, food, house, seat there a... In this Gandhara kingdom Gandharas were natural allied of Kauravas owing to Shakuni, the bed, food,,! She carried with her only one weapon — her veena and decided to spend some leisure time with.. Of Mahabharata ; their hearts are the husbands of the stories a Gandharva king named Gaya was moving across skies... And humans is home to many mystical creatures each bestowed with their own existence purpose and role in cosmic.. Soon, the kingdom was ruled by the gods turned to Goddess for! Arjuna had visited heaven along with his Gandharva friend Kashyapa and his wife Arishta Gandhara during the epic as! Aswamedha Yagna by Raghava Rama 's brother Bharata at ( 2,11 ) janamejaya, a Brahmana came to Arjuna!